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учителя английского языка
Труфановой Елены Александровны

Полезные выражения

Как начать разговор

  • Excuse me. Can I tell / ask you something?
  • Can I talk to you for a moment?
  • Can I have a word?

Как спросить дорогу

  • Excuse me. How do I get to…?
  • Is there a (post office) near here?
  • Could you tell me the way to…?
  • I’d like to know…, please.
  • Do you know where (the bus stop is)?
  • And there is one more thing I’d like to know.
  • And you wouldn’t know…, would you?

Как принести извинения

  • I’m terribly sorry.
  • Please forgive me.
  • It won’t happen again.
  • I didn’t mean to do it.
  • It was so silly of me.
  • I’m sorry for (something / doing something)
  • I’m really sorry.
  • I’m awfully sorry.
  • I apologise.

Как принять извинения

  • Oh, that’s all right, don’t worry about it.
  • Oh, never mind, it doesn’t really matter.
  • It’s nothing, forget it.
  • It’s OK.
  • It’s not your fault.
  • I’m sure you didn’t mean to do that.

Как пожаловаться

  • I’d like to complain about the radio I bought last week. It doesn’t work.
  • I’ve got a problem, you see. I’m afraid the window in my room doesn’t open.
  • I’m sorry to trouble you but could you turn the music down?
  • I’m sorry to say this but your children have broken my window.

Как попросить

  • Can / Could you…?
  • Would you mind (doing smth)?
  • Do you think you could…?
  • Do you think you could possibly…?
  • Will you…?

Как попросить разрешения

  • Can I / Could I… / May I (do smth)?
  • Do you mind if I (open the window)?
  • Would you mind if I (opened the window)?
  • Is it all right if I (open the window)?
  • I wonder if it would be possible for me to (have a holiday in July)?
  • Is it OK / all right if I.. ?
  • Would it be OK if I (did smth)?
  • I was wondering if I could…?

Как дать разрешение

  • Yes, of course.
  • Yes, sure.
  • Yes, that’s fine.
  • No problem.
  • OK / Yes / Yes, of course.
  • I suppose so.
  • (Do (would) you mind…?) Not at all. Please do.

Как не дать разрешение

  • I’m afraid not. That’s not a very good idea.
  • I don’t think it’s a good idea.
  • No, please, don’t.
  • I’d rather you didn’t.
  • I’m sorry but that’s not possible.
  • (Do you mind…) Well, I do.
  • (Would you mind…) Actually, I would.

Как запретить что-либо сделать

  • You can’t (smoke here), I’m afraid.
  • I’m sorry but you are not allowed to smoke here.
  • You mustn’t touch this switch.
  • Dogs aren’t allowed here.

Как отказать в просьбе / отказать предоставить информацию

  • Sorry, but…
  • I can’t really…
  • I’d love to, but…
  • I would really like to help but…
  • I’m afraid I can’t.
  • I’m afraid that’s not possible.
  • I’m afraid I can’t help you.
  • I’d rather you didn’t (if you don’t mind).
  • I have no idea, I’m afraid.
  • I’m sorry, I really don’t know.

Как спросить совета

  • What do you think I should do?
  • Do you think I should (do smth)?
  • Can I ask your opinion about smth?
  • Can you recommend me (a cheap hotel)?
  • Do you have any idea what I should do?

Как дать совет

  • I think you should / ought to / could…
  • I don’t think you should…
  • If I were you, I’d (do smth).
  • Have you thought about (doing smth)?
  • Have you considered (doing smth)?
  • Why don’t you…?
  • You might enjoy (doing smth).
  • You could…
  • You’d better (not drink so much coffee).

Как назначить встречу

  • I’d like to make an appointment with…
  • Do you think we could meet soon to discuss it?
  • Could we meet to talk about it?
  • What time shall we meet?
  • What time shall I pick you up?
  • Does Monday morning suit you?
  • Can you make it on Friday afternoon?
  • Monday is fine with me.
  • I’m afraid I can’t make it then but I could make Tuesday.

Как планировать на будущее

  • Shall we prepare some Chinese food?
  • What shall we bring?
  • Who’s going to clean up afterwards?
  • I’ll bring my CDs.
  • I’ll bring some wine if you prepare the food.
  • I’ll pick you up at 6 p.m.

Как выразить благодарность

  • Thanks a lot.
  • Many thanks.
  • Thank you very much.
  • That is / was very kind of you.

Как ответить на благодарность

  • Not at all.
  • No problem.
  • Don’t mention it.
  • Any time.
  • That’s OK.
  • You are welcome.
  • It’s a pleasure.
  • My pleasure.

Как внести предложение

  • Are you doing anything on Saturday night?
  • How about (going somewhere this evening)?
  • What about (doing smth)?
  • I’m (going for a walk). Would you like to join me?
  • Why don’t we (go to the seaside this weekend)?
  • Let’s (eat out tonight)!
  • Shall I help you?
  • How can I help you?
  • Would you like to (do smth)?
  • Do you fancy (smth / doing smth)?
  • I was wondering if you’d like to (do smth).
  • It would be great if we (did smth).

Как согласиться с чьим-либо предложением

  • Good idea.
  • Thanks. I’d love to.
  • I’d be glad / happy to
  • Sure
  • That’s a great idea.
  • That would be lovely (great / good / useful / excellent / interesting / fun)
  • That’s a good / an excellent suggestion.
  • Yes, that’s probably the best option
  • Why not?
  • Sounds good to me.

Как не согласиться с чьим-либо предложением

  • Sorry but I’m busy on (Saturday).
  • Sorry but I’ve got to (do smth).
  • (Are you doing anything on Saturday night?) Yes, I am. I’m going to the theatre.
  • Thanks for asking me but I can’t.
  • It’s nice of you to ask but I’ve already promised George.
  • That’s a good idea but…
  • I’d love to but…
  • Yes, but don’t you think it would be better to…?
  • I don’t think so because …
  • Well, I’d rather (do smth).
  • I’m afraid I’m busy tonight.
  • I’m sorry, I’m expecting some guests on Saturday.
  • This weekend is a bit difficult. What about next weekend?

Как описать картинку

  • In the picture I can see..
  • The picture shows…
  • They look (tired).
  • She seems / appears to be (happy).
  • On the right / left there is …
  • At the top / bottom there are…
  • In the top right-hand corner there seems to be…
  • In the foreground / background…
  • I think they represent…
  • The image reminds me / makes me think of …
  • The setting is …

Как объяснить что-либо

  • It’s something that (covers the window). You can (pull it).
  • It’s a kind of (bed) that you can (sit on when you want to watch TV).
  • It’s a (box) made of (wood) where (somebody keeps…).

Как привести статистические данные

  • Most…
  • The cast majority of …
  • Nearly half / all (of the respondents)…
  • Less than half of …
  • Nearly a third of …
  • A quarter of …
  • Hardly any…
  • Compared to… it’s (ten times / 55% more (likely / common)…
  • The contrast between (air travel) and (sea travel) is (in)significant.

Как начать рассказ

  • It happened (a few years ago).
  • It was a horrible accident.
  • One day…

Как выстроить последовательность событий

  • At first (I felt uneasy but….)
  • While I was talking on the phone, I heard…
  • At the same time…
  • As soon as I heard the news on TV, I phoned Jim.
  • First I …
  • After that …
  • Before that, I had prepared what to say.
  • The next thing I did was to …
  • Finally, … / In the end, … / Eventually…

Как закончить рассказ

  • I’ll never forget that day.
  • I’ll never ask a stranger for a lift again.
  • It was the most unusual / unpleasant thing that has ever happened to me.

Дискуссия

Как ввести аргумент

  • To start with, …
  • First of all,…/ Firstly, …
  • Secondly, …
  • Another thing is that …
  • On the one hand, … but on the other hand…
  • The main reason is …
  • Another reason is…
  • Well, the thing is that…
  • It’s also true that…
  • And on top of that…
  • And finally…

Как привести пример

  • For example, … / for instance, …
  • To give you an idea,…
  • One example of this is …
  • Look at the case of …

Как подвести итоги

  • So what comes down to us…
  • The point I’m trying to make is…
  • Let me just recap what’s been said so far.
  • In short…
  • In other words, …
  • To sum up…

Как высказать мнение

  • It seems to me that…
  • I believe that …
  • In my opinion…
  • I think…

Как спросить чье-либо мнение

  • What do you think of / about…?

Как попросить объяснить или повторить что-то

  • Could you repeat that, please?
  • Sorry, I didn’t catch what you said. Could you say it again, please?
  • I’m not sure if I understand. Could you explain that, please?
  • I don’t quite see what you mean.
  • What do you mean by ‘funny’?
  • What does ‘file’ mean exactly?
  • Could you spell your name, please?
  • Could you give an example?

Как выразить неуверенность

  • Well…
  • I’m not quite sure…
  • You see…
  • Actually, …
  • In fact, …
  • What I mean is …
  • The point is …
  • Let me think.
  • Frankly speaking, …

Как не согласиться с чужим мнением

  • That may be true but…
  • I’m not sure I agree with you.
  • Perhaps, but don’t you think that…
  • I can’t agree with you there.
  • You can’t be serious.

Как согласиться с чужим мнением

  • That’s exactly what I think / what I wanted to say.
  • I couldn’t agree more.
  • I agree entirely.
  • So do I.

Как выразить различные чувства

Как выразить удивление и сомнение

  • What a surprise!
  • It can’t be true.
  • You must be joking (kidding).
  • You can’t be serious.
  • I’m so surprised to hear that.
  • I am shocked!
  • I can’t believe it!

Как выразить страх и успокоить человека

  • I’m afraid of the dark.
  • I’m really worried about my daughter.
  • I am (was) so scared.
  • I was terrified that they would come back.
  • It was the most frightening experience I‘ve ever had.
  • Don’t worry. It will be all right.
  • There is nothing to worry about.
  • There’s no need to worry.

Как выразить ощущения

  • I could smell cigarette smoke.
  • The room smelt of smoke.
  • The soup tastes delicious.
  • It tastes like fish.
  • She looks terrific.
  • We could hear music everywhere.
  • I felt something cold and wet touching my neck.

Как рассказать о своих интересах

Как рассказать о своих интересах и предпочтениях

  • I like going to large parties.
  • I enjoy going to large parties.
  • I prefer tea to coffee.
  • I hate going to school.
  • I’d rather watch TV than go out.
  • I’d rather not go out.
  • I find the History of Europe very fascinating.
  • I’m quite interested in History.
  • I’m keen on football and hockey.
  • I’m bored by nature films.
  • I’m very fond of dogs.

Как выразить желание и намерение

  • I’d like to go shopping.
  • I want to be on time.
  • I wish I had a more interesting job.
  • I’m going to stop smoking.